Central Portugal is an amazing region, a place where you can discover villages of rare beauty frozen in time, breathtaking landscapes, cities that know how to preserve their history and at the same time embrace modernity. Visiting this region is definitely one of the things to do in Portugal so don’t miss the opportunity!
Here are the 10 places to visit in Central Portugal:
1. Paiva Walkways
Our journey through Central Portugal begins in the Paiva Walkways, an 8-km route just 14 km away from Arouca. The majority of the route is made on wooden walkways (hence the name) in the middle of the mountain and along Paiva river, a river that flows into Douro.
The route was inaugurated in July 2015 and was the main attraction in Portugal in the summer. More than 8 000 people visited this marvellous place every day.
Before my visit, in September, the route had been devastated by a wildfire, causing the destruction of more than 600 metres of wooden walkways.
After some months of restoration, this gem reopened to the public with more strict access conditions.
Now, this route is limited to 3 500 people per day and they have to pay one euro fee – this money will be used to maintain the route in good condition.
In the route you’ll find help points (like those in the highway), 3 river beaches (one in the middle and two at both ends), one snack bar at both ends as well and, of course, the most beautiful landscape.
The level of difficulty of this route is hard so, if you can’t go from one end to the other and back (16 km), you’ll find taxis that will take you to the starting point. It will cost you around 15 euros.
Visit the official site to get the necessary information (GPS coordinates, map, opening hours and buying tickets).
In Central Portugal you can also visit Aveiro. This city is considered to be the “Portuguese Venice” because of its canals, where you’ll discover the city by “moliceiro”, a sort of gondola that was used for harvesting seaweed or “moliço”, underwater vegetation in Ria de Aveiro.
You should visit the historic centre of Aveiro to admire Art Nouveau houses and taste the magnificent “ovos moles” (literally soft eggs), a local delicacy. While in Aveiro, don’t miss the opportunity to visit Costa Nova beach, well known for its colourful fishermen houses.
Information: are you staying in Porto and don’t want to hire a car nor lose too much time in public transportation? If so, consider going on a guided tour to Aveiro and the Paiva Walkways (affiliate link)!
In this 9-hour activity leaving from Porto, you will start the day with a walk on one of the most beautiful walking routes in the world and prize-winner several times at the World Travel Awards. Take your camera and get ready for an adventure in nature, on wooden walkways that follow the Paiva river in a unique valley that is worth exploring!
After lunch in a typical Portuguese restaurant, you will continue to Aveiro where you will have the opportunity to stroll through the streets. This will be followed by a moliceiro tour to see the city’s canals and admire the buildings from a different perspective. To finish this guided tour (affiliate link), nothing like a last stop in the Costa Nova location, well known for its houses painted with horizontal or vertical stripes.
Coimbra is one of the most beautiful cities in Portugal. Here, you can gaze at the magnificent University, UNESCO World Heritage, and its sumptuous Joanina library, considered to be the most beautiful in Portugal and one of the most beautiful in the world.
Visiting Coimbra is also discovering unique monuments, such as the Church and Monastery of Santa Cruz.
Don’t leave town without hearing Coimbra “fado”, performed by men, as opposite to Lisbon “fado” that is performed mainly by women.
4. Serra da Estrela
Serra da Estrela Natural Park is the biggest protected area in Portugal, with 101 000 hectares. When you visit the park you may stroll around the incredible landscape, similar to the Alps , discover the highest point (Tower) in mainland Portugal (1993 metres) and ski in the only ski slope in Portugal.
Don’t leave without tasting the “Queijo da Serra” (a sort of cheese) and without visiting Manteigas, Sabugueiro and Linhares da Beira villages.
5. The 12 Historic Villages of Portugal
The 12 historic villages are located in Central Portugal, around Serra da Estrela Natural Park and the Spanish border.
Most of these villages were built in order to strengthen this region and prevent the enemy to settle in.
These are the 12 historic villages of Portugal: Almeida, Belmonte, Castelo Mendo, Castelo Novo, Castelo Rodrigo, Idanha-a-Velha, Linhares da Beira, Marialva, Monsanto, Piódão, Sortelha and Trancoso.
If you don’t have the time to discover all of them (you’ll need at least 3, 4 days), than you should visit Monsanto, Sortelha and Piódão villages.
Monsanto is considered to be the most Portuguese village of Portugal since 1938. You’ll know why when you visit it! Lose yourself in the narrow streets and admire the houses that were erected between rocks, visit the castle, São Miguel chapel and the community oven.
Piódão is one of the most beautiful villages in Central Portugal, mainly because of the schist houses that are displayed in an amphitheatre way. With the sunset and lights turned on, you’ll feel like watching a Nativity set.
Lose yourself in the narrow streets and visit Foz de Égua to admire this beauty.
Sortelha village was the one that amazed me the most when I visited the historic villages. When you visit this village you’ll travel back in time, to the medieval period, and admire the granite houses that blend in the rocks and the beautiful castle.
The main attraction of the city of Tomar is the Convent of Christ, UNESCO World Heritage.
The Convent of Christ belonged to the Order of the Knights Templar, a religious order dissolved in 1314 due to the persecution of the king of France.
The people, goods and privileges of the Portuguese part of this order were transferred to a new order (Order of the Knights of Our Lord Jesus Christ) created by king D. Dinis I.
When visiting the beautiful city of Tomar, stroll around the historic centre, the narrow streets, the synagogue (that turned into a museum), Pegões aqueduct and the National Forest of Sete Montes.
Information: are you staying in Lisbon and want to discover Tomar in the company of an experienced guide and without having to worry about hiring a car? If that’s the case, take the opportunity and travel back in time to the origins of Portugal with a tour to the land of the Knights Templar (affiliate link).
Start this unique experience with a visit to the castle of Almourol, a 12th century castle located on an island in the middle of Tagus river. Continue to the beautiful town of Constância, located just 6 km away and from there head north to the magnificent city of Tomar.
This city was considered the headquarters of the Knights Templar in Portugal and there you will find a beautiful historic centre as well as the magnificent castle and Convent of Christ, listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Book this 9-hour experience (affiliate link) and travel back in time!
7. Mira de Aire Caves
Portugal has many caves but, if you must visit one, go to Mira de Aire caves.
Mira de Aire caves were elected in 2010 as one of the 7 natural wonders of Portugal. This complex of rare beauty is 11 km of extension and was found in 1947.
During your visit, you’ll discover 600 metres of this natural beauty climbing down 683 steps which means 110 metres deep. Don’t panic, at the end of the tour you won’t need to climb your way back – there’s an elevator that will take you back to surface.
8. Batalha Monastery
If you must visit just one monastery in Portugal, than my suggestion would definitely be Batalha Monastery.
Batalha Monastery is one of the most beautiful architecture gems in Portugal and in Europe. The construction of this amazing monument began in 1386 and ended in 1517.
During your visit you’ll have the chance to discover the beautiful church, free of charge, but don’t hesitate to pay for the ticket to visit D. João I and king Afonso Cloisters, the founder chapel and the unfinished chapels also known as the imperfect chapels.
Nazaré village is known worldwide because of its huge waves that many surfers would love to surf but only few dare to. In 2013 Garrett McNamara set a new world record when he surfed a 30-metre high wave, the equivalent to a 10 storey building.
If you’re not a surf lover, than know that Nazaré has much more to offer!
Nazaré was a fishing village but, as time went by, it became a tourist village thanks to its beautiful beach, the fishing traditions and its history.
After visiting the lower part of the village, take the funicular to Sítio to discover the most beautiful landscape of the region (see photo), the Nossa Senhora da Nazaré Shrine and, if you have time, attend a bullfight.
The beautiful village of Óbidos ends our list of the places to visit in Central Portugal.
Conquered from the Moors by the first king of Portugal, D. Afonso Henriques, this village is a must see for tourists and you shouldn’t miss it!
Óbidos is a fortified village where you can visit the castle (from the outside), stroll through a maze of streets surrounded by houses painted in white and decorated with beautiful flowers and walk along 1.5 km over the city walls.
Information: are you staying in Lisbon and want to discover Óbidos, Nazaré and Fátima without having to worry about preparing an itinerary nor hiring a car? If that’s the case, don’t hesitate and book this 9-hour activity (affiliate link) that will take you to those places and tell you more about their history, culture and religion.
In this article you found the 10 places you must see when you visit this beautiful region, but Central Portugal has much more to discover: Alcobaça, Peniche, Fátima, National Forest of Buçaco, Buddha Eden Garden and many other places.
Are you going to visit Central Portugal? Then don’t hesitate to book your hotel room, your car or the best activities by clicking the links below. This way you are helping me in the development of my blog and I’ll be able to offer you free tips and travel guides so that you can better prepare your visit to Portugal. Thank you!
What will also interest you:
- Travel guide to discover Central Portugal in 7 days
- What to visit in Águeda, the city of the coloured umbrellas
- Visit Figueira da Foz and be amazed with all of its beautiful places!
- Visit Santarém in one day and discover all of its marvellous places
- Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fátima, the biggest pilgrimage site in Portugal
- central portugal
- o que fazer no centro de portugal
- things to see in central Portugal